JTK – Notes and Ramblings Things we have found …

6/22/2020

Dust – adding the SDS011

Filed under: General,Home Automation — taing @ 11:23 am

A SDS011 dust sensor(datasheet and communications protocol) from Amazon has been added to openhab. There is lots of good info online describing the sensor performance and Arduino(1, 2), ESP32(1, 2) and Raspberry Pi(1, 2, 3, 4, 5) setup. There is even PC based software for testing.

Nettigo has a interesting article on using the sensor with a heater inline to improve performance in high humidity. They use a Sensirion SHT30 to automatically drive a MOSFET to trigger a PTC Heating element.

One of the nice things about the package as purchased is it comes with connectors and an USB/serial adapter to allow for connections using USB, TTL serial or i2c.

In the end, it was simplest to use the brand new Openhab plugin binding. The binding reports both 2.5 and 10 µg/m³. The binding allows for easy setup of reporting mode allowing the sensor to pretty much manage itself. For reporting mode, a reporting interval is set. The unit will wake up every interval and measure for 30 seconds then sleep for interval minus 30 seconds.

Since plugging the sensor directly into the openhab server in the basement wasn’t going to be very useful a modified version of the same method used to remote the Z-Wave dongle was used. This required installing ser2net on the Pi with the sensor and setting the correct comm parameters(9600 8N1) and making copies of /etc/default/socat.conf(updated with the proper device name and IP address of the Pi with the sensor) and /etc/init.d/socat (updated to point to unique .log and .pid files and the new .conf file).

6/21/2020

Update to LaCrosse weather

Filed under: General,Home Automation,RTL-SDR — taing @ 5:51 pm

While these updates were made a while ago they weren’t documented. In the original post on the LaCrosse Weather station, rtl_433 sends mqtt data to our openhab server. On github we found a simple means to get rtl_433 to run as a service.

The core is to update /etc/rtl_433/rtl_433.conf. There is a sample file at conf/rtl_433.example.conf. Most important is the output mqtt... line for example:

output mqtt://jtk-openhab,devices=rtl_433/garage[/model]

If the Pi has multiple dongles you will also need to confirm the device line. Then create /etc/systemd/system/rtl_433-mqtt.service:

[Unit]
Description=rtl_433 to MQTT publisher
After=network.target
[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/rtl_433
Restart=always
RestartSec=5
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Enable the service with systemctl enable rtl_433-mqtt.service.

6/20/2020

Migration – a new server for openhab

Filed under: General,Home Automation — taing @ 3:39 pm

It was time to migrate the openhab installation from the Raspberry Pi 3B to the NUC.

Before leaving the Pi a full backup is required. openhab-cli backup name_of_zipped_backup. Details on the backup and restore process can be found in the openhab forums.

The installation starts with a fresh Debian Buster(10.4) console only install. Openhabian was added from git following the guide at https://www.openhab.org/docs/installation/openhabian.html.

sudo apt-get install git screen curl gnupg
sudo git clone https://github.com/openhab/openhabian.git /opt/openhabian
sudo ln -s /opt/openhabian/openhabian-setup.sh /usr/local/bin/openhabian-config

The optional Influx db for persistence and Grafana for graphs were added from the openhabian-config tool. Chronograf 1.8 was also added manually ( sudo apt-get install chronograf ) since Influx after v1.3 doesn’t support the web console anymore. Note this is from the Influx repo which is added by the openhabian-setup tool.

At this point:
Openhab web interface -> http://your_ip:8080
Openhab console (ssh) -> your_ip:8101
Influx web admin (chronograf) -> http://your_ip:8888
Grafana -> http://your_ip:3000

Hopefully, at this point it’s time to restore the backup made earlier on the Pi: openhab-cli restore name_of_zipped_backup

Possible Issues

To resolve the issue of the openhab repo not being properly signed refer to the discussion in the openhab forums. You will need to execute:

wget -qO - 'https://bintray.com/user/downloadSubjectPublicKey?username=openhab' | sudo apt-key <strong>add</strong> -

If you encounter errors in the log file regarding RestDocs, for example, “ERROR] [core.karaf.internal.FeatureInstaller] - Failed installing ‘openhab-misc-restdocs’“, refer to the discussion in the forums. The secret is the second set of config files at /var/lib/openhab2/config/org/openhab/addons.config.

If you encounter broken graphs in the Openhab UI with error messages similar to [WARN ] [org.eclipse.jetty.server.HttpChannel] - /chart
java.lang.Error: Probable fatal error:No fonts found
refer to the discussion in the forums. The trick here is to install fontconfig for 32 bit arch even on a 64 bit machine: sudo apt-get install fontconfig:i386. A restart of the openhab service will be required after installing fontconfig: sudo systemctl restart openhab.service.

Remote Z-Wave

One of the main reasons openhab had stayed on the Pi so long was the location of the Pi and the Aeon Labs DSA02203-ZWUS Z-Wave Z-Stick Series 2 USB Dongle. This dongle creates /dev/ttyUSB0 for the z-wave binding. Our solution was to leave the Pi in place with the dongle and handle the serial port connection over Ethernet to the NUC. ser2net gets installed on the machine with the dongle. socat gets installed and run as a service on the openhab server machine. There is a great discussion on the in the openhab forums.

On the Pi:
sudo apt-get install ser2net
pico /etc/ser2net.conf
3333:raw:0:/dev/ttyUSB0:115200 8DATABITS NONE 1STOPBIT
On the NUC:
sudo apt-get install socat
git clone https://github.com/asaif/socat-init.git
sudo cp socat-init/socat /etc/init.d/
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/socat
sudo update-rc.d socat defaults
sudo cp socat-init/defaults/socat.conf /etc/default/

sudo nano /etc/default/socat.conf
OPTIONS="pty,link=/dev/ttyUSB0,raw,user=openhab,group=dialout,mode=777 tcp:ip_of_the_pi:3333"
sudo service socat restart

This will create /dev/ttyUSB0 on the NUC which looks like a serial device to the z-wav binding.

Final Steps

The final steps were to make sure everything that was pointing the to Pi was now pointing to the NUC.

The RFM69HCW 915MHz radio on the original openhab Pi remained in place listening to the Moteinos and sending mqtt but needed to have the destination updated. This required recompiling Gateway.c. Somehow the appropriate libraries weren’t already on the Pi for this: sudo apt-get install libmosquitto-dev libmosquittopp-dev. The recompile then when fine: g++ Gateway.c rfm69.cpp -o Gateway -lwiringPi -lmosquitto -DRASPBERRY -DDEBUG.

The code on the Pi sending outside temperature and humidity via mqtt from the am2315 i2c sensor needed to be recompiled to send to the proper destination: gcc piGateway.c -o piGateway -lwiringPi -lmosquitto -lam2315 -DRASPBERRY -DDEBUG.

The Pi running the Weather Alert / SAME code needed to have the destination address updated. This is a simple change to the mqtt command line parameter in the script. The same Pi also runs the Seneye aquarium monitor code which needed an edit in suddriver.py to update the mqtt destination.

The Pi running rtl_433 for the LaCrosse weather station integration required an update to rtl_433.conf to point the mqtt data to the new destination. The same Pi also runs the as3935 Lightning detector. A quick modification to the python script to fix the mqtt destination got this back online.

5/18/2020

Earthquake

Filed under: General,Home Automation — taing @ 4:50 pm

An article on the Raspberry Shake got me looking for more on earthquake sensors. I found the Omron D7S. Datasheet here.

The chip can be found at both Mouser and Digikey. It is a small SMT mountable PCB that communicates via i2c. The datasheet provides little info on actually programming the device. Googling about found two libraries that helped shed some light on things.

First, from Omron, a python library on github. The platform of choice is a Pi Zero W with Rasbian Buster Lite. To get started, install git, i2c-tools, python3-smbus, and python3-rp-gpio. Clone the repo and the software is ready.

Connecting the sensor to the Pi only needed four wires – 3.3v, gnd, SDA, SCL. 10k pull-up resistors are used for SDA and SCL. A 10k pull-up was also added for the sensor “settings” pin. Both Vcc and both Ground pins on the sensor need to be wired.

  • Pi pin 1 – Vcc to Sensor pins 1 & 9
  • Pi pin 1 – Vcc to 10K pullup resistors to sensor pins 4, 5 & 7
  • Pi pin 9 – Ground to Sensor pin 6 & 10
  • Pi pin 3 – SDA to sensor pin 5
  • Pi pin 5 – SCL to sensor pin 4

Sensor pins 2 and 3 provide optional interrupts. Pin 3 goes low when a quake is in happening. Pin 2 goes low to signal suggested shutdown due to expected significant damage. These pins are not used in this setup.

sudo i2cdetect -y 1 showed the chip at address 0x55. sudo python3 sample_d7s ran as advertised.

I added a few line of code to have the output go to a Google Sheet and set the unit up in the basement. Details on how this works can be found in an earlier post.

The second library is for Arduino. It appears to provide much greater detail on the registers and parameters on the chip but I have not tested it.

An additional article on How to Make an Earthquake Alarm is a alternative approach.

The chip measures quake intensity not magnitude. The measurement correlates strongly with the Japan Meteorological Agency seismic intensity scale. A discussion on various seismic intensity scales can be found here or copied here.

Omron shared a more detailed datasheet.

5/13/2020

Lightning + Google

Filed under: General,Home Automation — taing @ 1:45 pm

Based on the trick seen here we have added Google Sheets logging to the lightning Python script.

A copy of the example sheet in the original GitHub with a few changes to the column headers, publish the API and that side is all set.

For the Python side we needed to “import urllib.request” and request the url. Then is was as simple as “r = urllib.request.urlopen(urlStr+outStr)”. In this case urlStr is the url from Google and outStr is the data. For example, ‘?type=”Strike”&distance=32&energy=200’.

When publishing the Google Sheet Web API the simple choice is anonymous. I have not looked at handling credentials for Google login in the Python script.

Lightning

Filed under: General,Home Automation — taing @ 1:18 pm

My original Embedded Adventures MOD-1016v8 lightning detector based on the as3935 failed. I ordered a replacement from Sparkfun. The Sparkfun hook-up guide discusses the sensors I2C interface being not as reliable as the SPI interface. Sparkfun also has a github for the PCB. Originally I was using code based on a Python I2C library. So a change is needed.

My first thought was to port the Sparkfun Arduino library over to Raspberry Pi using wiringPi. It should be noted that as of August 2019 the author of wiringPi is no longer supporting it. This was a bit frustrating but after a bit of testing with the scope and bus pirate and a lot of googling. This issues seem to be resolved.

At first there was data on MOSI but nothing coming back. After attaching the Bus Pirate using the setup below:

m 5 (for SPI mode)
Speed: 125khz
Clock polarity: Idle low (default)
Output Clock Edge: Active to idle (default)
Input sample phase: End (NOT default)
CS: /CS (default)
Output type: Normal

I was able to communicate. Notice the Input Phase angle being set to “end”. When it was set to “middle”, the default, writes worked but reads shifted the result one bit to the right effectively dropping the LSB. This turns out to be vital for the wiringPi code also. The standard SPI help page for wiringPi doesn’t mention anything about mode or phase. But our friend google gave me a discussion about possible modes. So instead of the basic wiringPiSPISetup(channel, speed) function I needed to use wiringPiSPISetupMode(channel, speed, mode). Bit 0 is clock phase, bit 1 is clock polarity. The other bits are not possible via wiringPi but as discussed elsewhere can be set by a direct ioctl call.

I also slowed the speed down toe 125khz from the original 2Mhz.

For wiringPi i used the following pins:

GND: pi pin 25
SCK: pi pin 23 (SCLK)
MISO: pi pin 21 (MISO)
MOSI: pi pin 19 (MOSI)
3.3v: pi pin 17
INT: pi pin 15 (GPIO 22)
CS: pi pin 24 (CE0 / GPIO 8)

I considered a version using bcm2835 but didn’t go very far down this road. No work has been done on that front.

I also decided to play a bit with Sparkfun and CircuitPython and sparkfun-circuitpython-qwiicas3935 1.0.3. The complete CircuitPython bundle is on github. The as3935 bundle can also be found on github.

The Pi I was working with is a Pi II with Jesse installed. Installing Python 3.5 or higher on Jesse is more work than simply making a newer Buster Lite sd card. Then it is a matter of following the Sparkfun / AdaFruit instructions to get all of the necessities installed:

sudo apt-get install python3-pip
sudo pip3 install --upgrade setuptools
pip3 install RPI.GPIO
pip3 install sparkfun-circuitpython-qwiicas3935

The secret to getting this to work is realizing that you can’t use CE0/GPIO 8 for CS with the code provided. Circuit Python Bus Device(documentation) can’t manage the pin directly when SPI is in use and the hardware doesn’t handle it correctly either. Using Pi Pin 13 / GPIO 27 / circuit Python board.D27 as CS and things work fine.

An alternative is to change the _read_register() function to use write_readinto() in place of write() followed by readinto(). Using these the system manages CE0 just fine for CS.

The library file sparkfun_qwiicas3935.py is installed at /usr/local/lib/python3.7/dist-packages. My mods can be found here. The key bit is:

<code>self._spi.write_readinto(bytearray([addr,0]), result</code>)
# self._spi.write(bytearray([addr]))
<code># read the next byte after writing the address</code>
# self._spi.readinto(result)

The modified code also comments out the manual CS line manipulation.

Additional resources can be found at Instructables.

A copy of the AS3935 datasheet can be found here.

4/3/2020

Weather radio part 4

Filed under: General,Home Automation,RTL-SDR — taing @ 1:23 pm

Continuing the weather radio development. I found some notes on to try sox instead of lame for the encoding for ezstream. This requires installing the mp3 library for sox with sudo apt-get install libsox-fmt-mp3. This appears to provide for somewhat better sound quality.

This means we replace

lame --bitwidth 16 --signed -s 22050 --lowpass 3500 --abr 64 --scale 8 -r -m m - -

with

sox -t raw -r 22050 -b 16 -e signed -c 1 -v 7 - -r 22050 -t mp3 -c 1 -C 64 - sinc -3.5k

The final line:

rtl_fm -f 162550000 -s 22050 -p 14 | tee >(sox -t raw -r 22050 -b 16 -e signed -c 1 -v 7 - -r 22050 -t mp3 -c 1 -C 64 - sinc -3.5k |ezstream -c ezstream.xml) | multimon-ng -t raw -a EAS /dev/stdin | python ~/tg-dsame/dsame.py --no-text --mqtt jtk-pi2 --json output.json

Weather Radio Part 3

Filed under: General,Home Automation,RTL-SDR — taing @ 10:19 am

The weather radio scripts from before had issues. The live stream from the SDR was working but the alerts were never being triggered so further work was needed.

There are now at least two other forks of the original dsame project. From nivex we have some reworking of the main dispatch routine. And from bwarden we have a reworking of the parser.

I have cloned bwarden as the new starting point and merged a portion of the nivex changes. A copy of this version of dsame.py can be found here. Or you can look at my fork on github.

Step 1 was to get the output into a json format without the text. Fortunately, this is pretty much built it. For a test using the sample txt file:

python dsame.py --no-text --json /dev/stdout <sample\ alert/WXR-RWT.txt

This has the added bonus of writing to standard out immediately and not waiting/buffering until process end.

With this working lets try to update dsame.py to output to MQTT. I’m working from a machine that already has Mosquito installed along with the Python paho library.

Let’s try adding a bit to the dsame code. The big piece looks like:

            if mqtthost:
                try:
                    import paho.mqtt.publish as mqtt
                    import json
                    data=kwdict(ORG=ORG, EEE=EEE, TTTT=TTTT, JJJHHMM=JJJHHMM, STATION=STATION, TYPE=TYPE, LLLLLLLL=LLLLLLLL, COUNTRY=COUNTRY, LANG=lang, event=get_event(EEE), type=get_indicator(EEE), end=fn_dt(alert_end(JJJHHMM,TTTT)), $
                    mqtt.single('raw/weatherAlert',json.dumps(data), hostname=mqtthost)
                except Exception as detail:
                        logging.error(detail)
                        return

Hopefully he output looks something like this(extra linefeeds added for clarity):

{"LANG": "EN", 
 "organization": "National Weather Service", 
 "end": "07:30 PM", 
 "JJJHHMM": "3650000", 
 "LLLLLLLL": "KEAX/NWS", 
 "COUNTRY": "US", 
 "PSSCCC": "020103-020209-020091-020121-029047-029165-029095-029037", 
 "seconds": 1800, 
 "PSSCCC_list": ["020091", "020103", "020121", "020209", "029037", "029047", "029095", "029165"], 
 "start": "07:00 PM", 
 "length": "30 minutes", 
 "STATION": "KEAX", 
 "TTTT": "0030", 
 "location": "Pleasant Hill, Missouri", 
 "date": "Thu Apr  2 20:44:27 2020", 
 "type": "T", 
 "EEE": "RWT", 
 "ORG": "WXR", 
 "MESSAGE": null, 
 "TYPE": "NWS", 
 "event": "Required Weekly Test"}

The new command line to stream and send mqtt looks like:

rtl_fm -f 162550000 -s 22050 -p 14 | tee >(lame --bitwidth 16 --signed -s 22050 --lowpass 3500 --abr 64 --scale 8 -r -m m - - |ezstream -c ezstream.xml) | multimon-ng -t raw -a EAS /dev/stdin | python ~/tg-dsame/dsame.py --no-text --mqtt hostname_here --json output.json
  1. receive from the SDR dongle
  2. split stdin – tee redirects to
    1. lame
    2. ezstream
  3. tee pipes to
    1. multimon-ng
    2. dsame script – sends to
      1. mqtt
      2. json appends to output.json file

A different option to multimon-ng might be minimodem. I claims to convert SAME audio to text and back again.

4/2/2020

Doorbell and Gas meter

Filed under: Home Automation,RTL-SDR — taing @ 3:51 pm

In looking for the Honeywell doorbell, model RCWL330A, FCC ID HS9-51459SL, which should be at 916.8MHz I found my gas meter (rtl_433 device 149). The output looks like:

time      : 2020-04-02 14:04:27
model     : ERT-SCM      Id        : 5458xxxx
Physical Tamper: 3       ERT Type  : 24            Encoder Tamper: 0         Consumption Data: 525682
Integrity : CRC
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
time      : 2020-04-02 14:05:02
model     : ERT-SCM      Id        : 5600xxxx
Physical Tamper: 0       ERT Type  : 8             Encoder Tamper: 0         Consumption Data: 208204
Integrity : CRC
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
time      : 2020-04-02 14:07:28
model     : ERT-SCM      Id        : 5458xxxx
Physical Tamper: 3       ERT Type  : 24            Encoder Tamper: 0         Consumption Data: 525682
Integrity : CRC
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
time      : 2020-04-02 14:07:55
model     : ERT-SCM      Id        : 5458xxxx
Physical Tamper: 3       ERT Type  : 24            Encoder Tamper: 0         Consumption Data: 525682
Integrity : CRC
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

I’ve modified the Id field to but this above shows both my meter and the neighbors. A quick check of wikipedia gives a few more details on the data. Github also has a project targeting these meters – rtlamr. Grid Insite has more detail on the technology and history of these meters.

Now, back to the doorbell. I was hoping this might be a built in device for rtl_433 but further searching reveals it might be different from the predefined devices 115 & 116. Strangley I see nothing from the doorbell but is still rings. Further testing obviously needed.

4/1/2020

Updates to flight tracking

Filed under: General,Home Automation,RTL-SDR — taing @ 3:21 pm

After not changing the pi for the outdoor temp/humidity I2C sensor, I decided to use the Pi 3 to replace the older Pi 2 that was doing the ads-b flight tracking and feeding on FlightRadar24. This started with rtl_433 already and installed and working as described in an earlier post. rtl_433 is not required but having installed it I’m sure rtl_sdr is installed and the udev rules for the dongle are already in place. I decided to try readsb instead of dump1090-fa. And dump1090-mutability is now marked as maintained.

I found automated scripts for both dump1090-fa and readsb. The script for readsb seems to have worked. I have the webpage at both http://<host>/radar and http://<host>:8080. Script archived here.

The enhanced tar1090 web interface is installed next. The new interface can be seen at http://<host>/tar1090.

Adding a bit of config info:

Set your location with sudo readsb-set-location 50.12344 10.2342.

sudo pico /etc/default/readsb to edit the main config file.

In the case of more than one RTL-SDR dongle in the Pi you may need to modify the line RECEIVER_OPTIONS="--device 0 --device-type rtlsdr --gain -10 --ppm 0" for the correct device number.

sudo pico /usr/share/readsb/html/script/readsb/defaults.js to edit the default webinterface config.

sudo pico /etc/default/tar1090 to edit the tar1090 web interface configuration. A restart with sudo systemctl restart tar1090 is needed after any changes.

Next we’ll add PiAware so we can feed FlightAware some of our data.

wget https://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/files/packages/pool/piaware/p/piaware-support/piaware-repository_3.8.1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i piaware-repository_3.8.1_all.deb

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install piaware

sudo piaware-config allow-manual-updates yes

If you are upgrading/replacing and existing site you can use piaware-config feeder-id 12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789abc to set the site id. You will need to restart the service after making the change.

Confirm your FlightAware feed at https://flightaware.com/adsb/stats. You can make an account and update your position. The service status can be seen with sudo service piaware status.

Next we will add ADSB Exchange feeder:

sudo apt-get install git
sudo rm adsb-exchange -rf
git clone https://github.com/adsbxchange/adsb-exchange.git
cd adsb-exchange
sudo bash setup.sh

If that is successful you should be able to find yourself at https://www.adsbexchange.com/myip/

Now we can add the ADSBX stats package for feeders:

cd /home/pi
git clone https://github.com/adsbxchange/adsbexchange-stats.git
cd adsbexchange-stats
chmod +x install.sh
sudo ./install.sh

Flightradar24 instructions from their forums are not 100%. The contents of the script referenced does not completely match the manual steps. There are alternative but similar instructions in a different forum post.

sudo apt-key adv --recv-key --keyserver pool.sks-keyservers.net C969F07840C430F5
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

then add the following line to the file (/etc/apt/sources.list)

deb http://repo.feed.flightradar24.com flightradar24 raspberrypi-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install fr24feed
fr24feed --signup
sudo systemctl restart fr24feed.service

There might be a warning you that there is no dump1090 installed and that one will be installed by fr24feed when it starts. This did not appear to happen.

You can monitor status for the fr24feed with fr24feed-status or at http://<host>:8754.

Next we add graph1090 following the install instructions in the readme. The graphs are then available at http://<host>/graphs1090 or http://<host>/pref.

The graph1090 instructions recommend reducing the number of sd card writes for a pi. Below with reduce the writes to once every 10 minutes.

sudo tee /etc/sysctl.d/07-dirty.conf <<EOF
vm.dirty_ratio = 40
vm.dirty_background_ratio = 30
vm.dirty_expire_centisecs = 60000
EOF

3/31/2020

Adding Lacrosse Weather to Garage Pi

Filed under: General,Home Automation,RTL-SDR — taing @ 6:54 pm

The sdr stick we are using is the NooElec R820T.

Following the instructions from https://morioh.com/p/fd9b47cbc020 :

# install dependencies
sudo apt-get install libtool libusb-1.0.0-dev librtlsdr-dev rtl-sdr cmake

# clone rtl_433 Git Repository
git clone https://github.com/merbanan/rtl_433.git

# change to directory
cd rtl_433/
# make build folder
mkdir build
cd build/
# compile
cmake ../
# make
make
# install
sudo make install
# test if rtl_433 was properly installed
rtl_433 -h

After this we copied the udev rules from https://github.com/osmocom/rtl-sdr/raw/master/rtl-sdr.rules to /etc/udev/rules.d/rel-sdr.rules. This resolves the permission issue access the dongle when not root.

A test of rtl_433 then see the LaCrosse Technologies TX145WSDTH remote temp/humidity/wind speed/wind direction sensorthat came with the S81120 base station.

rtl_433 -F mqtt:<host>:1883 is enough to get things going to the mqtt broker on the destination machine.

Sample Output as seen on the destination PC using mosquitto_sub -v -t '#' :

rtl_433/jtk-garage/events {"time":"2020-03-31 16:31:10","model":"LaCrosse-TX141W                                                                                                                                                             ","id":303173,"channel":0,"battery_ok":1,"temperature_C":5.1,"humidity":75,"test                                                                                                                                                             ":0,"mic":"CRC"}
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/time 2020-03-31 16:31:10
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/id 303173
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/channel 0
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/battery_ok 1
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/temperature_C 5.1
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/humidity 75
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/test 0
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/mic CRC
rtl_433/jtk-garage/events {"time":"2020-03-31 16:31:10","model":"LaCrosse-TX141W","id":303173,"channel":0,"battery_ok":1,"wind_avg_km_h":3.5,"wind_dir_deg":351,"test":0,"mic":"CRC"}
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/time 2020-03-31 16:31:10
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/id 303173
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/channel 0
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/battery_ok 1
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/wind_avg_km_h 3.5
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/wind_dir_deg 351
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/test 0
rtl_433/jtk-garage/devices/LaCrosse-TX141W/0/303173/mic CRC

Now we can edit the openhab files to make use of this info…

3/29/2020

Updating Garage Pi

Filed under: General,Home Automation — taing @ 9:58 pm

The original garage pi was a model 1 – 26 pin GPIO, 2 USB A, composite video, full size SD card. It served admirably for many years but I was looking to add to its responsibilities. So a Raspberry Pi 3 is replacing it.

The Pi 3 had been in the drawer for a year or so with raspian from late 2018. A full sudo apt-get update/upgrade/dist-upgrade later and we are ready to start.

sudo apt-get install mosquitto mosquitto-clients libmosquitto-dev gets MQTT ready to go.

The outdoor i2c temp sensor will need the library from https://bitbucket.org/loblik/libam2315/src/master/ . So wget https://bitbucket.org/loblik/libam2315/get/701be2837287.zip downloads the archive, a quick unzip and we are ready to install.

sudo make install is the magic for installing the AM2315 library we will need for the sensor.

Using the gateway C code we long ago modified from the original RFM69 Gateway Pi port, we compile with first gcc -lam2315 am2315-get.c -o am2315-get and then gcc piGateway.c -o piGateway -lwiringPi -lmosquitto -lam2315 -DRASPBERRY -DDEBUG.

A simple shell script to start things and we are done with the temp/humidity sensor. sudo ~/piGateway2/piGateway /dev/i2c-1

For clarity – the connection to the sensor uses the Pi I2C connection:

  • Pin 4 – Vcc (5v) [orange & orange/white]
  • Pin 6 – GND [brown & brown/white]
  • Pin 3 – SDA1 (GPIO2) [green]
  • Pin 5 – SCL1 (GPIO3) [green/white]

Update: So all of that is brilliant but the real reason for the upgrade was to use the RTL-SDR – well the reception is very poor from the garage so we are back to the original Pi 1 Model B V 2.0.

Older Posts »

Powered by WordPress